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Singer Yeabkal singing Dawit’s and Tilahun’s song

Ethiopian music can refer to any type of music from Ethiopia, but it is most usually linked with a genre characterized by a pentatonic modal system with extremely long gaps between notes.
Ethiopian Highlands music is based on the qenet modal system, which includes of four fundamental modes: tezeta, bati, ambassel, and anchihoy. Tezeta minor, bati major, and bati minor are three more variations on the previous modes. Some songs are titled after their qenet, such as tizita, a reminiscence song. When played on traditional instruments, these modes are frequently not tempered (i.e., the pitches may differ greatly from the Western-tempered tuning system), although they are tempered when played on Western instruments such as pianos and guitars. Ethiopian highland music is usually either monophonic or heterophonic in nature. Polyphonic music can be heard in a number of southern cities. Majangir only has four parts, though Dorze polyphonic singing (edho) could have up to five. Ethiopia is a musically traditional country. Despite the fact that popular music is played, recorded, and listened to, most musicians also sing traditional tunes, which are preferred by the majority of listeners. During Haile Selassie’s reign, brass bands were transported from Jerusalem in the form of forty Armenian orphans (Arba Lijoch), and were a long-standing popular musical tradition in Ethiopia. When it arrived in Addis Ababa on September 6, 1924, this band became Ethiopia’s first official orchestra. During the latter months of WWII, large orchestras accompanied concerts; the Army Band, Police Band, and Imperial Bodyguard Band were the most well-known orchestras. From the 1950s to the 1970s, popular Ethiopian musicians included Mahmoud Ahmed, Alemayehu Eshete, Hirut Bekele, Ali Birra, Ayalew Mesfin, Kiros Alemayehu, Muluken Melesse, and Tilahun Gessesse, while popular folk musicians included Alemu Aga, Kassa Tessema, Ketema Makonnen, Asnaketch Worku, and Mary Armede. Mulatu Astatke, a pioneer of Ethio-jazz, was one of his generation’s most important artists. Amha Records, Kaifa Records, and Philips-Ethiopia were the three most important Ethiopian record labels at the time. Since 1997, Buda Musique’s Éthiopiques series has republished several of these songs and albums on compact disc.

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